Emergency kits

Emergency kits consist of all the things you will need to perform the actions in your Bushfire Survival Plan. Emergency kits should be prepared before the fire season.

The best emergency kit is one that can be used for all hazards - not just bushfires.

A well prepared kit also means you'll know where to find your torch next time the power fails...

There are three types of kits you could consider:

Bushfire Survival Kit

This kit contains everything you need around your home, for example, the clothes you will wear and the tools needed to prepare your home.

This kit is needed if you are going to stay and defend your property. Most of its contents could also be used if you plan to leave your home early.

Keep in mind that even if you intend to leave early, you may be caught at home. A Bushfire Survival Kit will have items you need to implement a back-up plan.

The kit should include:

  • protective clothing for the whole family
  • buckets and mops
  • drinking water
  • foods especially high energy foods, drinks, dried fruits and nuts
  • mobile phone charger
  • woollen blanket for each person
  • torch
  • fire extinguishers
  • battery-operated radio
  • first-aid kit
  • spare batteries for torch and radio
  • hoses and spare hose fittings
  • knapsack sprayer
  • shovel
  • ladder
  • towels
  • medications
  • gutter bungs.

Protective Clothing

Despite the heat, it is important you do not wear summer clothes during a fire.

In the event of fire everyone involved should wear:

  • natural fabrics such as cotton, denim or wool - synthetics can melt or burn
  • a long sleeved shirt made from thick cotton or wool to prevent burns to the upper body and arms
  • a pair of heavy cotton pants or overalls to shield your legs
  • sturdy leather work boots and a pair of wool socks to prevent burns to the feet
  • a wide brimmed hat to stop embers from dropping on your head or down your back
  • work gloves to protect your hands
  • a pair of goggles to safeguard our eyes against smoke, embers and debris in the air
  • a smoke mask or cloth to cover your nose and mouth to protect you from inhaling smoke and embers.

Remember to also drink water regularly to avoid dehydration.

Relocation Kit

This kit contains all the things of personal and practical value that you want to relocate to a safe place.

Prepare your relocation kit before the start of the fire season and store it in an easily accessible place. Consider storing it with family or friends who do not live in a fire-prone area.

The kit could include:

  • protective clothing for each member of the family
  • business records
  • first-aid kit
  • infant supplies
  • woollen blanket for each person
  • foods especially high energy foods, drinks, dried fruits and nuts
  • photos, videos and personal treasures
  • documents, passports, licence, banking details, insurance, certificates, diaries and address books
  • computer software and backup
  • pet food, leash, drink bowls
  • medications for family and pets
  • mobile phone charger
  • list of essential phone contacts
  • drinking water
  • battery-operated radio
  • torch.

When packing your car, as part of your leave early plan, along with the relocation kit you could also include:

  • your computer
  • masks
  • a bag of clothing for each family member
  • gloves
  • toiletries
  • a pet box with pet
  • a favourite item for each child
  • a shovel.

Recovery Kit

This kit contains the things you will need to survive in reasonable comfort in the 24 to 48 hours after a bushfire, until normal community services start again.

After the bushfire has passed you may not be able to access facilities that you normally take for granted. For example your access road may be blocked by fallen trees, or the power may be out for an extended period.

This kit may include:

  • food, especially high energy foods
  • drinking water
  • medication
  • first-aid items
  • toiletries
  • candles and matches
  • torch and radio batteries
  • change of clothing
  • pet food
  • cash.

Think also about little luxuries or special things that might make you feel better after the trauma of a bushfire and include some of these items.

More information is available in the Emergency kits fact sheet