Bushfire Survival Plan
You and your family's safety and survival during a bushfire will depend on how prepared you are, and the decisions you make.
There are 7 keys to surviving a bushfire that we recommend you review as part of developing your Bushfire Survival Plan:
Writing and practicing your Bushfire Survival Plans
Your plan is central to your survival
Understanding bushfire behaviour
It is important to understand the characteristics and behaviour of bushfires. They are influenced by vegetation, topography and climate.
Recognising days of high fire danger
Bushfires can be more dangerous on certain days. Learn to recognise the characteristics and terminology of these days.
Preparing your home and property
Even if your Plan is to leave early, a well prepared home is more likely to survive a bushfire.
Creating emergency kits
Kits keep all the things you will need together and accessible. Create:
- Relocation Kit - things to take with you
- Survival Kit - what you need to help survive the day
- Recovery Kit - what you need for the 24-48 hours after a fire.
Acting on days of high fire danger
Put your preparation and plans into action on high fire danger days.
Consider your physical and emotional preparation
It's important to be realistic about what you can and can't do. Ensure you and your family understand fully what a bushfire can mean in terms of fear, stress and threat to personal life.
Bushfire Survival Plan template
Your Bushfire Survival Plan outlines:
- what you need to do to help safeguard your property
- what actions each member of your family will take on fire risk days and if a fire threatens.
Create your own 5 Minute Bushfire Plan or complete the Bushfire Survival Plan (Template).
A good plan is:
- prepared well before the Fire Danger Season and reviewed each year
- written down, so that the details are to hand when you need them
- practiced regularly so you know how it will go on the day
- created with the whole family and covers everyone, including the young and elderly
- includes what to do:
- before the Fire Danger Season
- on a Total Fire Ban day
- during a bushfire
- after a bushfire
- can adapt to unforeseen circumstances.
Making a choice when a bushfire threatens is too late
Most people who die in bushfires die leaving their homes at the last moment. Leaving late is a deadly option.
A good plan will outline when you will stay and defend your property and when you will leave early. Unexpected things can happen in an emergency so you will need to adapt to changing circumstances and have a plan that will work in different situations. Your plan should consider questions like:
- will it need to be different on weekends or weekdays?
- what if the children are at school?
- what if you have house guests or someone is home sick?
- what affects do COVID-19 restrictions have on my plan?
You may also decide to have different plans to suit the daily Fire Danger Rating and have one plan on days where the Fire Danger Rating is forecast to be Extreme and a different plan when the Fire Danger Rating is forecast to be Catastrophic.
- Your Guide to Bushfire Safety will help you to develop your household Bushfire Survival Plan
- Find out more about including your children in your bushfire survival plan, and by listening to what your kids have to say about what they can do
- Information for businesses will help you plan your organisation's Bushfire Survival Plan
- If you need more information or have questions contact the Information Hotline on 1800 362 361 (TTY 133 677)
- Joining a Community Fire Safe group will help you develop a bushfire survival plan that suits your household, with help from your neighbours and the CFS
- Find out more about Fire Danger Ratings
- Create a Bushfire Survival Plan (Template)
- Order brochures